There are three eligibility criteria which must be met for an athlete to be classified at either UK or international level as athletes with “learning disability”. These are:
- Evidence of IQ – a full scale score of 75 or lower on a recognised and professionally administered IQ test.
- Evidence of significant limitations in adaptive behaviour – a measure of how learning disability affects both daily life and the ability to respond to life changes and environmental demands. (Conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills)
- Evidence of Age of Onset pre 18 – must be able to show that the learning disability was evident before the person was 18 years old.
An athlete will need to complete a UK or international application form and submit evidence in support of the application. To provide the evidence needed in each section, the athlete will be required to provide a combination of reports, results from professionally administered tests and involve a number of professionals. For international (INAS) classification, this criteria and evidence is the first stage only. This first stage is known as the “Primary Eligibility check”. An athlete must meet the requirements of stage 1 before they can proceed to stage 2. Stage 2 of the international classification process is called the “Sports Specific Classification”. Successfully completing the primary eligibility check of the international process is no guarantee that an athlete will meet the requirements of sports specific classification.